The First World War Battle of Vimy Ridge began on Easter Monday. By April 12, the 85th Battalion (Nova Scotia Highlanders) of the 4th Canadian Division had control of the ridge, capturing Hill 145 in their first battle. The battle had cost the four Canadian divisions 10,602 casualties (3,598 killed and 7,004 wounded). Four members of the Canadian Corps received Victoria Crosses for their actions during the battle. On April 9, 2017, the hundredth anniversary of the Battle of Vimy Ridge was remembered at the Canadian National Vimy Memorial, located on the highest point of the ridge. The Memorial was designed by monument sculptor Walter Allward, constructed over eleven years and unveiled by King Edward VIII on July 26, 1936. It became the centrepiece of a 100-hectare (250-acre) preserved battlefield park — Canada’s largest and principal overseas war memorial, dedicated to all Canadians who lost their lives in the First World War. The names of 11,285 Canadian soldiers who have no known grave in France were also etched on the forward wall of the monument. Four months after the Battle of Vimy Ridge, from August 15 to 25, another major battle pitted the Canadian Corps against five divisions of the German 6th Army at Hill 70 (or Sallaumines Hill, near the industrial coal city of Lens, France). The Canadians took the hill and held it. 8,677 Canadian soldiers were killed, wounded or missing in the ten-day battle. German losses were between 12,000 and 20,000. Six Victoria Crosses were awarded to Canadian soldiers. (Painting: The Battle of Vimy Ridge, Easter Monday, 1917, by Richard Jack, (1919). Canadian War Museum).