The Dominion Coal Company was incorporated by American businessman and promoter Henry M. Whitney, with the first steel produced on December 31, 1901 — beginning over one hundred years of boom and bust cycles for the Sydney steel plant. The Sydney area grew from 2,427 in 1891 to 17,728 by 1911. The company went through various corporate restructures, ultimately being taken over by the Government of Nova Scotia through the Sydney Steel Corp. on November 22, 1967. It was closed in 2001. (Also see Black Friday, October 13, 1967). (Photo credit: A Dominion Coal Company colliery in Reserve Mines, Nova Scotia, about 1900. From Cape Breton at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century, C.W. Vernon).