Four hundred and twenty-one volunteer soldiers from the Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion began to disembark at Halifax (February 3 to 18). Of the 1,300 who had left to fight fascism in the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939), half had been killed. Nineteen volunteers were from Nova Scotia. Joining the battalion was illegal at the time, so there was no official welcome for the returning men. But on October 20, 2001, Governor General Michaëlle Jean dedicated a monument to the battalion in Ottawa.