The United States enacted the National Prohibition Act — known formally as the Volstead Act — banning the production, importation, transportation and sale of alcoholic beverages, which lasted till December 1933. This began an elaborate system of smuggling, known as “rum-running”, carried out by entrepreneurial Nova Scotia fishermen and ship owners to supply thirsty Americans with rum from the West Indies and brandy and whisky from St. Pierre and Miquelon. The following year (1921) rum runners would also supply thirsty Nova Scotians. For over ten years a game of “cops and robbers” evolved between smugglers, bootleggers and moonshiners and officials from Customs, the Department of revenue and temperance inspectors. (Also see Clifford rose, March 7, 1889; The rumrunner I’m Alone, March 22, 1929.)