As proclaimed by Queen Victoria, four provinces were joined as “One dominion under the name of Canada . . . with a Constitution similar in Principle to that of the United Kingdom”: Canada West (formerly Upper Canada, then Ontario), Canada East (formerly Lower Canada, later Quebec), Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Title to the Northwest Territories was transferred by the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1870, and the province of Manitoba joined (the first to be established by the Parliament of Canada). British Columbia joined Confederation in 1871, followed by Prince Edward Island in 1873. The Yukon Territory was created by Parliament in 1898, followed by Alberta and Saskatchewan in 1905. The Dominion of Newfoundland (later Newfoundland and Labrador), Britain’s oldest colony in the Americas, joined Canada as a province in 1949. Nunavut was created in 1999. As the first prime minister, Sir John A. Macdonald formed the first government of the Dominion of Canada. As of 2017, there were 338 Members of Parliament and 105 Senators.