A Halifax settler, who arrived with Cornwallis’s fleet in June, wrote to a friend back in Britain. The letter appeared in a periodical in October. Once established, a third of the settlers who arrived with Cornwallis either did not survive their first winter, or left for Boston. The settler wrote: On our arrival we found the Sphinx [Cornwallis’s ship], of 20 guns, which had come into harbor a few days before us; as I write the transports are entering the harbor with the two regiments of Hopson and Warberton on board from Louisburg. The assistance, as well as the security we shall receive from them, will greatly forward our settlement; the officers have brought all their furniture, a great number of milch cows, and other stock, besides military stores. We have already cleared about 20 acres, and every one has a hut by his tent. Our work goes on briskly, and the method of employing the people in ships’ companies has a good effect, and as the Governor is preparing to lay out the lots of land, we shall soon have a very convenient and pleasant town built, which is to be called Halifax. There are already several wharves built, and one gentleman is erecting a saw mill; public store houses are also building, and grain of various sorts have been sown. We have received constant supplies of plank and timber for building (from New England), and fresh stock and rum in great quantities, 20 schooners frequently coming in in one day. We have also a hundred cows and some sheep, brought down to us by land, by the French at Minas, which is about 30 miles distant from the bottom of the bay, and to which we purpose to cut a road. The French Deputies who came to make submission have promised to send us 50 men for the purpose, and to assist us as far as they are able; we have received the like promise, and friendship and assistance from the Indians, the chief having been with the Governor for that purpose. In short, every thing is in a very prosperous way. But I should be equally unjust and ungrateful, were I to conclude without paying tribute whcih is due to our Governor. He seems to have nothing in view but the interest and happiness to all; his zeal and prudent conduct in the difficult task assigned him cannot be too much admired. (Written by an unnamed settler. From History of Halifax. Akins, Thomas. 1847, p.12).