While the First World War raged on in Europe, by late spring 1918 the first phase of a “three day fever” began to appear. A few deaths were reported, while some victims (ages fifteen to forty) recovered after a few days. However, by September the virus appeared in North America and became widespread globally. It did not discriminate and struck fast, eluding treatment and control. It became known as the “Spanish Influenza” because Spain is where it was first reported (Spain had not censored the press like the United States and France). By 1919, it would sweep the world, killing an estimated 50 million people, possibly as high as a 100 million, or one third of the world’s population at that time (50,000 Canadians would die). 1,700 to 2,000 would die from the flu in Nova Scotia, but over 10 times this number actually had the flu. The influenza killed more people than any other illness in recorded history. (Image: Wikipedia Creative Commons).