Queen Victoria gave Royal Assent to the British North American Act (BNA Act — “An Act for the Union of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, and the Government thereof; and for Purposes connected therewith”). The Act comprised a major part of the Constitution of Canada, and entailed the original creation of a federal dominion and established the framework for much of the operations and structure of the Government of Canada. The BNA Act was renamed the Constitution Act, 1867, when it was patriated to Canada in 1982. July 1, celebrated as Canada Day, is the anniversary of the Act’s entry into force on July 1, 1867. (Also see, The Charlottetown Conference… September 1, 1864.)