The Habitation at Port Royal was designated a National Historic Site by the Historic Sites and
Monuments Board. It was established by France in 1605 as the first successful settlement in North America, serving as the capital of Acadia till its destruction by British military forces in 1613. A replica of the Habitation, based on Champlain’s original plans, was constructed from 1939 to 1941 and
was the first National Historic site to have a replica structure built. (Painting: The Port Royal Settlement, by Francis Back. Wikipedia Creative Commons.)