Muriel Duckworth, Peggy Hope-Simpson and other interested women began to organize a Nova Scotia Chapter of the Voice of Women (VOW) for Peace in Halifax. On December 7, 1960, a large public meeting was held at the Sir Charles Tupper School where Halifax women were encouraged to join the peace movement. Largely motivated by the collapse of the Paris peace talks that had taken place on May 16 (after a US spy plane, U-2, was shot down over Soviet airspace), they formed an action group and a study group and participated in various VOW international conferences. Many VOW women went on to form and participate in the New Democratic Party of Nova Scotia.