The Supreme Court of Canada affirmed in the Donald Marshall case a 5–2 decision regarding treaty rights to hunt, fish and gather in pursuit of a moderate livelihood, stemming from the treaties of 1760–1761 that were signed by the Mi’kmaq, Malisset, Passamaquoddy and the British Crown. The Supreme Court did not define how these rights were to be implemented, but instead encouraged the parties to negotiate a resolution in a fair and equitable manner. Shortly after, the Nova Scotia Office of Aboriginal Affairs was established to represent the province through the terms of the Mi’kmaq–Nova Scotia–Canada Framework Agreement, which was signed in February 2007 to address issues related to Mi’kmaq treaty and Aboriginal rights and title in Nova Scotia. Donald Marshall, Jr. died on August 6, 2009 (b. 1953).