The Canadian naval destroyer HMCS St. Croix, commanded by Lieutenant Commander A.H. Dobson (age forty-two), was torpedoed by the German submarine, U-305, while she was protecting convoys, which were heavily “beset by a wolfpack” south of Iceland as they sailed toward Nova Scotia. The St. Croix sank in six minutes, with the loss of 146 lives. (A list of the men lost can be found at uboat.net.) Most were under thirty. Allied losses in the convoy were three escorts and six ships sunk, and one escort and one ship damaged. Three U-boats were destroyed and three damaged and forced to return to their base. (Also see Convoys, September 16, 1939.). (Photo: HMCS St. Croix in the Halifax Harbour. N.S. Archives).